ENT

Otorhinolaryngology (also called otolaryngology and otolaryngology–head and neck surgery) is a surgical subspecialty within medicine that deals with conditions of the ear, nose, and throat (ENT) and related structures of the head and neck. Doctors who specialize in this area are called otorhinolaryngologists, otolaryngologists, ENT doctors, ENT surgeons, or head and neck surgeons.

Otology and neurotology

  • Dizziness
    • BPPV – benign paroxysmal positional vertigo
    • Labyrinthitis/Vestibular neuronitis
    • Ménière's disease/Endolymphatic hydrops
    • Perilymphatic fistula
    • Acoustic neuroma
  • Hearing loss
  • Mastoiditis
  • Otitis externa – outer ear or ear canal inflammation
  • Otitis media – middle ear inflammation
  • Perforated eardrum (hole in the eardrum due to infection, trauma, explosion or loud noise)
    • Ear surgery

Rhinology:

Rhinology includes nasal dysfunction and sinus diseases.

  • Nasal obstruction
  • Sinusitis – acute, chronic
  • Environmental allergies
  • Rhinitis
  • Pituitary tumor
  • Empty nose syndrome
  • Severe or recurrent epistaxis

Pediatric otorhinolaryngology:

  • Adenoidectomy
  • Caustic ingestion
  • Cricotracheal resection
  • Decannulation
  • Laryngomalacia
  • Laryngotracheal reconstruction
  • Myringotomy and tubes
  • Obstructive sleep apnea – pediatric
  • Tonsillectomy

Laryngology:

  • Dysphonia/hoarseness
    • Laryngitis
    • Reinke's edema
    • Vocal cord nodules and polyps
  • Spasmodic dysphonia
  • Tracheostomy
  • Cancer of the larynx
  • Vocology – science and practice of voice habilitation

Facial plastic and reconstructive surgery:

Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery is a one-year fellowship open to otorhinolaryngologists and plastic surgeons who wish to specialize in the aesthetic and reconstructive surgery of the head, face, and neck.

  • Rhinoplasty and septoplasty
  • Facelift (rhytidectomy)
  • Browlift
  • Blepharoplasty
  • Otoplasty
  • Genioplasty
  • Injectable cosmetic treatments
  • Trauma to the face
    • Nasal bone fracture
    • Mandible fracture
    • Orbital fracture
    • Frontal sinus fracture
    • Complex lacerations and soft tissue damage
  • Skin cancer (e.g. Basal Cell Carcinoma)